Manuscript Evidence

Arguably, the greatest military commander who ever lived was Alexander the Great. He had a slight but muscular build, dirty blond hair, one eye was green and the other more brownish. He was of average height, maybe even a little shorter. He was from Macedonia...

While the Nash Papyrus and Masoretic Text were the oldest copies of Hebrew Scripture entering the last century, there were older copies in other languages. The Old Testament had been translated into other languages over the millennia. The Targums are Aramaic translations (really paraphrases, like...

In 1903, Walter Llewelyn Nash acquired four strips of papyrus in Egypt that dated to 150 BC. The four strips (pictured) contained the Decalogue (i.e., the Ten Commandments as found in Exodus 20: 1-17 and the Hebrew Shema of Deuteronomy 6: 4-9). Nash...

There are some would argue that a 4th Jewish Torah tradition arose (along with that of the Ashkenazi, Sephardic, and Yemenite ones) which was Samaritan – named for the same Samaritan which are mentioned in the New Testament. Read Ezra 4: 1-5 and note...

It would be hard to overestimate the central place the Word of God held in Israeli life during the time of the Old Testament. We know that there was a special class of service for the Lord in the Old Testament economy of things that...