Tidal Forces and the Moon

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Image Source: http://www.kudzuacres.com/wwow/lessons/weather/oceansurface.htm

“Thus says the Lord, Who gives the sun for a light by day, the ordinances of the moon and the stars for a light by night, Who disturbs the sea, and its waves roar (the Lord of hosts is His name).” – Jeremiah 31: 35

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Image Source: http://newtechno-science.blogspot.com/2011/08/tide.html

In reference to this passage in Jeremiah, there are a few Bible commentators who connection the movement of the sun, moon and other heavenly bodies with the disturbance of the sea that is mentioned

  • It may be then that the Scripture is inferring the lunar tidal effect here
  • “As the moon travels around the earth and as they, together, travel around the sun, the combined gravitational forces cause the world’s oceans to rise and fall, which is called tide.” 1
  • The connection of the movement of the sun and moon and its impact on tides has taken a long time to be formulated in scientific thought:
    • The earliest references to tidal impacts in Western thought go back to the time of Alexander the Great and his effort conquer India
    • He had not encountered an ocean before and was surprised by the Indus estuary’s sudden rise an drop in depth 2
  • While the Greeks (and later, the Italians) began to see a connection between the tides and the Moon, it really would take more than 1,500 years for matters to be understood
  • Copernicus perfected his concept of a Heliocentric Solar System (Sun System) in 1512 3
  • Newton grounded his Gravitational ideas in 1687 4
  • These two sciences combined finally enabled Tides to be understood 5
  • It would seem yet again, the Bible was ahead of the game – this time when it came to the Tides