Composition of Matter

“By faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that the things which are seen were not made of things which are visible.” – Hebrews 11: 3


Eagle Nebula Image Source:
Atomic Structure Image Source:

1.  In context, Hebrews 11 is talking about faith – yet, this verse out of nowhere seems to make a most profound statement about the physical universe (“the worlds”) and how they were framed

  • The passage is saying that everything around us is comprised of things which can not be seen
  • This is being penned by the write of Hebrews some 2,000 years ago

2.  The first microscope was not invented until the 16th Century:

  • In 1590, a Dutch spectacle maker (they made eye glasses) named Zaccharias Janssen and his son Hans, put several lenses in a tube and discovered that nearby objects appeared greatly enlarged
  • In 1609, Galileo heard about these experiments and developed a much more sophisticated device which ultimately led to the compound microscope 1

3.  The first to really prove the existence of atoms were an English Chemist named John Dalton and an English physicist named JJ Thomson (who proved the existence of electrons and proposed the atomic structure) 2



4.  Each atom has a nucleus of protons and neutrons, with tiny electrons buzzing around

  • The proton can be about 2,000 times the mass of an electron; with the electron only being a few femtometers across (about a trillionth of a hair’s width) 3


5.  The protons and neutrons themselves contain tiny particles called quarks and leptons.

  • And to top this off, scientists suspect a whole new class of ‘super-symmetric’ subatomic particles is most likely out there just waiting to be discovered 4


6.  In short, everything we see in the universe is made up of sub-atomic particles (e.g., quarks, leptons and electrons and perhaps things yet more smaller still) that are smaller than photons of light – in other words, we will never see them

  • While photons are said to be without mass (i.e., mass-less), they do possess volume
  • This volume is larger than that of electrons (which even though they are “point particles” (possessing mass) which means while they have mass, they do not have any determinable height, width or depth.
  • Photons, on the other hand, most definitely have a specific volume. 5


7.  The Bible is accurate in its astrophysics as it relates to matter