The Talmud includes the Mishna and the Gemara:
Mishna – This is the “Written Law” or the putting down in writing of the “Oral Law” (i.e. Jewish legal commentaries on the Torah).
Gemara – Rabbinical discussions or commentaries on the Mishna and the underlying Torah text.
Like any collection of writings on Scripture, quotes from it are found throughout the Talmud, which dates back to the time of Christ.
When you compare Talmudic quotes of Scripture with the Masoretic Text and the rest of the manuscripts that serve as the basis for Bible translations today, they are virtually identical!
Tanakh (Hebrew Bible or Old Testament) is an acronym referring to:
- Torah (Law or Pentateuch)
- Nevi-im (Prophets)
- Ketuvim (Writings)