The Gabbatha is Evidence of the Bible’s Historical Accuracy
“When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus out and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called The Pavement, but in Hebrew Gabbatha.” John 19: 13
We know from history that this Pavement was found within the Antonia Fortress (built by Herod the Great in 36 BC in honor of his friend Mark Anthony)
In the mid 19th Century, underneath the Sisters of Zion Convent ( just west of the LionÃs Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem), excavators uncovered a stretch of Roman road that seems to have led into the Fortress Antonia.
Today, you can go and see a slab of pavement where Roman soldiers gambled and played games using engraved markings in the road, while they kept watch over prisoners.
In John 19:13, we read that Pilate brought Jesus out and “sat down on the judge’s seat at a placeknown as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaic is Gabbatha)”. (NIV). The Greek word is lithostrotos.
Underneath the Ecco Homo Convent of the Sisters of Zion, excavations have revealed a stone pavement. This was for many years said to be the “exact place” where Jesus had been judged.More recent study has uncovered the Struthion Pool, a water reservoir from Herodian times, which served the Antonia fortress. This pool was vaulted over in the second century AD and turned into a cistern by Hadrian.
The present Roman pavement was laid by Hadrian over the vault of the cistern. This served as a plaza and market place to Aelia Capitolina – the name Hadrian gave his new city, built in 135AD on the ruins of Jerusalem which Titus had destroyed in 70AD.
The present pavement was made from the large courtyard stones of the Antonia. So, in a very real sense, it was on these paving stones that the judgment took place.
Image provided courtesy of http://www.peterjblackburn.com/israel/mpave02.htm